Introduction to the Key Laboratroy of Materials Physics

    The Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, the Institute of Solid State Physics(ISSP),and the Chinese Academy of Sciences(CAS), are derived from the Key Laboratory of Internal Frictions and Defects in Solids.The latter institution was founded in 1985 by the former academician T.S Kê, the international famous physicist on the metal physics who was awarded the R.F. Mehl's prize by American Institute of TMS in 1999 because of his prominent contributions. The laboratory founded by Prof. Kê was well-known in the field of internal frictions and solid defects all over the world.

With the development of disciplines of ISSP, the laboratory became the first charging aflility as well as one of prominent state assets used in the state 973 key project of nano-materials and nano-structures in 2000. According to the disciplines arrangement of the CAS, the lab decided to include the investigation on advanced materials to enrich the research intention and extend the field of the tranditional discipline. The eventual purpose is to establish a new discipline direction which is to investigate advanced material based on condensed matter physics. Ratified by CAS in May of 2003, the Lab was renamed to Key Laboratory of Materials Physics', and redefined to add the fields of nanomaterials, nanostructures, new functional materials and computational materials physics into the present laboratory.

The primary research interests of the Key Laboratory include:  searching for the growing mechanism of nanoscale systems in order to obtain the controlable growing nanosize structures; expanding the research scopes of 'internal friction' and developing the research methods combined with other advanced experimental instruments; investigating the relationship between the macroscopic physical properties and the microscopic structure in materials;  numerical simulations and predictions on the properties of materials; designing new materials with particular structures and novel characters; and developing high performance functional materials and devices.

At present, the laboratory has been equipped with a large set of experimental and computaional equipment for the synthesis, preparation, characterization, probing and computation of data pertaining to material physics . The typical equipment includes: a JEM-2010 High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope(HRTEM), a  X-ray Diffractometer (XRD), an Optical Spectrometer, a Specific Surface Area Analyzer, a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device(SQUID), a Molecular Beam Epitaxy(MBE), a SGI3900 High Performance Computer, and other devices.

In the past five years, the Lab. has approximately 445 publications (including 405 collected by SCI),  7 monographs, 24 international conference contributions, 45 local conference contributions, and 11  authorized invent patents.  The Lab. has achieved great scientific progress in the research areas of one-dimensional nano-material micro array, quasi-one-dimensional special nano-materials, photoinduction in rare earth manganese-oxide film with perovskite structure, theoretical study about the oxidation and catalysis  of  cluster and the newly recognized liquid structure, etc. Moreover, the Lab. has established cooperative and interdependent long term relations with interests in  America, England, Germany, Brazil, Japan and  Romania. There are presently 52 permanent members in the lab, including 22 researchers, 20 associate researchers, and 10 middle-class and junior faculties.  The junior faculty is distinguished in merit by one  obtaining the Foundation for Excellent  Youth from NSFC, one winning the award for  Young Scientist of CAS and  8 for the prestigious  "Outstanding Peoson grant awarded by the CAS. The present research projects include 4 for project "973", 4 for "863", 1 for "Climb Plan", 11 for the National Science Foundation of China, and 4 for the Academic Knowledge Innovation Engineering foundation. In the future, the Lab. will continue to devote time  to exhaustive research on nanostructured systems and the scientific preparation of new materials, with the thrust of developing   new experimental probing technology, theoretical study and  simulation methods. The optimum goal is a breakthrough in material design, and/or preparation performance control, that will provide a design foundation  for the application of electronics, optical communication and energy transition in the field of functional materials.